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Kajman
Arma3-render-kajmanhex.png
Faction Icon-side-redfor.png CSAT
Icon-side-redfor.png Russian Spetsnaz
Type Heavy Attack Helicopter
Seats 10 seats:
  • 1× Pilot
  • 1× Gunner
  • 8× Passengers
Item capacity 2000 mass
Top speed ~ 275 km/h
Service ceiling ~ 4,500 m
Fuel capacity 2500 fuel units
Weight 24767.3 kg
Slingloadable No
Primary armament Main:
  • 1× Cannon Caseless 30 mm
  • 8× Skalpel ATGM [Default]
  • 2× Skyfire Rocket Pods [Default]
Secondary armament Defensive:
  • 192× Countermeasures (Flare/Chaff)
Variants None
Games
Arma3.icon.png

The Mi-48 Kajman is a helicopter gunship used by both CSAT forces and Russian Spetsnaz operatives in ArmA 3.

Overview

  • Roles:
    • Heavy gunship
    • Troop transport
« A multi-purpose successor to the Mi-24, the Mi-48 Kajman (BLUFOR designation "Hornet") is a large gunship and attack helicopter with troop transport capacity for 8 passengers. The front part of the helicopter is based on the Mi-28 attack helicopter, but the hull is modified for passenger transport. The Kajman has a coaxial rotor providing increased stability. It is armed with a 30mm three-barrel Minigun, unguided Skyfire rockets and guided Skalpel AT missiles.
Field Manual
»

Design

The Mi-48 is a large helicopter gunship with low-capacity troop transport capability.

It uses a tandem cockpit layout, and has a distinctive coaxial rotor system that removes the need for a tail rotor.

Armament
By default, the Mi-48 is armed with a 30 mm autocannon that is pre-loaded with interchangeable belts of either 250 rounds of high-explosive (HE-T) shells, or 250 rounds of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS-T) shells.

The gunner can instantaneously swap between ammunition types at any time without having to wait for the cannon to reload.

It has two pylons on each stub wing (totalling up to four) fixed on both sides of the fuselage that support dynamic loadouts.

Mi-48 pylon configuration

The following weapons and munitions can then be fitted onto any of the pylons (1-4):

  • Scalpel (1×)
  • Scalpel (3×)
  • Twin Cannon 20 mm
  • Tratnyr HE (20×)
  • Tratnyr AP (20×)
  • Skyfire (19×)
  • Sahr-3 (1×)
  • Sharur (1×)
  • LOM-250G (1×)
  • RBK-500F (1×)

Mobility
Compared to its NATO counterpart, the Mi-48 is far less manoeuvrable and more cumbersome to fly due to being heavier. In addition, it only uses stub wings and lacks an internal weapons bay, thereby preventing it from being able to stow away its weapons when not in combat for stealth.

Unique to the Mi-48 out of all the rotary-wing helicopters, it can double both as a heavily armed gunship and flying troop transport.

Notable Traits
Since it isn't constrained by the limitations of an internal weapons bay or the need to be stealthy, the Mi-48 is able to fit heavier munitions like heavy ATGMs or even laser-guided cluster bombs onto its stub wing hardpoints.

In addition, the Mi-48 is better armoured and can withstand significantly more punishment before suffering from any critical component failures. The softer-skinned Blackfoot on the other hand, will be outright destroyed if it takes more than just one or two direct hits from anti-air weaponry.

With both rotors knocked out by a single missile, this Mi-48 is unable to auto-rotate and plummets straight to the ground.

Drawbacks
Its only real downside stems from its coaxial-rotor configuration. While this layout removes a major vulnerability that other conventional helicopters share (their tail rotor), it also means that the Mi-48 stands no chance at auto-rotating safely to the ground should both of its main rotors become disabled.

Likewise, the airframe's weight means that it will usually lose altitude rapidly once its rotors are knocked out. Both the crew and passengers are almost certainly guaranteed to perish unless the helicopter was already hovering close to the ground at the time of the rotor's failure.

Electronically, the Mi-48 is easy to detect both on active radars and infrared sensors. The NATO Blackfoot can simply switch its radar off to remain hidden from passive sensors. The Mi-48 on the other hand, will always be spotted at distances of 20% more than the opposing sensor's usual maximum range, regardless of whether the pilot has activated the Mi-48's radar.

Crew Capacity
The Mi-48 has a seating capacity of ten personnel including the crew that consists of the pilot and gunner.

Camouflage

  • Black: Pattern-less chrome black paint scheme. Used on Pacific CSAT and Russian Spetsnaz Mi-48s.
  • Hex: Light tan/dark tan/dark green cell pattern camouflage. Only used by Mediterranean CSAT forces.

Protection

The Mi-48 has a base armour value of 60.

Hull

Hull damage is calculated based on the integrity of other components on the Mi-48. Until all other parts of the helicopter have been critically damaged, the hull itself can never be "destroyed".

Engines

Each of the Mi-48's engines can survive 180 points of damage (there are two in total). They take 300% increased damage from high-explosive (HE) type weapons.

If damaged: Reduced power output and makes it difficult to gain both speed and altitude.
If destroyed: Can potentially blow up the Mi-48 instantly if overall status of helicopter is at critical.

Fuel tank

The Mi-48's fuel tank can resist up to 120 points of damage before failure. It takes 200% damage from HE-type weapons.

Rupturing the Mi-48's fuel tank will not result in a total loss unless the helicopter's damage levels are already at critical.

Instruments

Consists of the pilot/gunner flight instruments, Multi-Functional Displays (MFD) and Helmet Mounted Displays (HMD). They can incur 90 points of damage before failure.

If damaged: Occasional flickering of MFDs and crew HMDs. Other instruments unaffected.
If destroyed: MFDs and HMDs disabled. Instruments may not display proper readings.

Main rotors

The coaxial rotors can take up to 156 points of damage before failure. They receive 200% increased damage from HE-type weapons.

Disabling either one of the rotors will significantly increase the difficulty of controlling the Mi-48's yaw/pitch. If both are disabled, the Mi-48 will lose the ability to maintain its altitude completely.

Sensors

The Mi-48 utilises several sensors meant to augment its role as an air-to-ground fire support platform:

Teal = Active Radar
Orange = IRST
Green = Visual

Active Radar

It has an active radar range of 5 km against aerial targets and 4 km against ground targets, that has an azimuth coverage of 120 degrees and elevation of 90 degrees.

Targets can be identified once they get within 3 km range. The radar has an elevation offset of 30 degrees, and is only able to track targets that are moving at speeds of up 450 km/h.

Infrared Search and Track/Visual Sensor

IRST has a maximum range of 4 km against aerial targets and 3 km against ground targets. Its visual sensor on the other hand, has a maximum of 3 km against aerial targets and 2 km against ground targets.

The azimuth and elevation coverage is limited to an angle of 26 degrees for each sensor and have a minimum operating range of 500 m. Targets can be identified once they get within 2 km range.

Both sensors are located in the Mi-48's nose turret, and are only able to track targets that are moving at speeds of up to 252 km/h. The sensors operate independently of the helicopter's heading, and only focus on where the gunner is aiming the turret's camera.

Radar Warning Receiver/Passive Radar

The RWR has a 360 degree detection radius and a target recognition range of 12 km.

Laser Spot Tracker

Laser markers and infrared strobes can be tracked within a range of 6 km. It has an acquisition cone of 180 degrees.

Armament

NOTE: Only the weapons used on the default loadout for the Mi-48 are listed here. For full details on ordnance that can be mounted on the Mi-48's pylons, refer to the dynamic loadouts article.

The gunner position controls all weapon systems on the Mi-48. The turret camera's optics provides three fields of view and can toggle either a day, night or black-hot/white-hot thermal vision mode.

The turret itself has a horizontal rotation limit of 120 degrees in both directions. Vertically however, it is restricted to an elevation of 20 degrees and a depression of 30 degrees:

Cannon Caseless 30 mm

Arma3-vehicleweapons-mi48kajman-cannoncaseless30mm.png
Shell type Base damage value Aerodynamic friction Initial velocity (m/s) Penetration depth (mm)
HE 30 -0.00036 960 20.16
APDS 80 -0.00042 1,120 70.56

Primary weapon affixed onto the Mi-48's nose turret.

It can attain a fire rate of up to 750 rounds per minute. The cannon can be loaded to fire either HE or AP-type shells:

  • High-Explosive (HE): Muzzle velocity of 960 m/s, blast radius of 3 metres
  • Armour-Piercing Discarding Sabot (APDS): Muzzle velocity of 1,120 m/s, splash radius of 0.2 metres

Switching between munition types is instantaneous; there is no delay for "reloading" a different belt. However, accuracy will differ depending on the selected munition type. For APDS shells, dispersion is 0.0044 rad at distances of 1,800 metres but for HE, dispersion is set to be higher at 0.0066 rad instead.

Its fire control system features automatic lead/zeroing on targets moving at speeds of up to ~ 110 km/h but takes 0.5 seconds to finish adjusting. Manual zeroing is possible, though it is only available in 100 m increments up to 800 m, which then jumps to 1000 m, 1200 m, 1500 m, 1800 m, 2100 m and finally 2500 m.

Skalpel

Arma3-vehicleweapons-mi48kajman-skalpel.png
Main article: Dynamic loadouts#Skalpel

Infrared-guided air-to-ground anti-tank missiles. Relies on the Mi-48's Infrared Search and Track sensor to function.

Skyfire

Arma3-vehicleweapons-mi48kajman-skyfire.png
Main article: Dynamic loadouts#Skyfire

Unguided air-to-ground rockets. Strong against groups of infantry and unarmoured/lightly-armoured ground vehicles.

Trivia

  • As stated in the Field Manual, the Kajman's design and capabilities draw inspiration from three real-world Russian attack helicopters designed by the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and Kamov Design Bureau. Both companies are subsidiaries of Rostec, their state-owned parent company.
    • Specifically, it uses the cockpit layout of the Mil "Mi-28", tail boom and coaxial rotor design of the Kamov "Ka-50"/"Ka-52" and fuselage/passenger cabin of the Mil "Mi-24".
  • Kaймaн or Kajman, is Russian for Caiman, a crocodile-like reptile. This follows the nicknames of the Mi-24 being Krokodil (Крокодил) which translates into "Crocodile", and the Ka-52 "Alligator" (Аллигатор).
  • The Kajman's cockpit reuses the same MFD and flight panels as the "AH-64D" from ArmA 2, with the English labels simply translated into Russian.
  • Mi-48s were originally limited to just Mediterranean CSAT forces and the Russian Spetsnaz, though the Old Man mini-campaign/scenario would eventually depict it in limited use with Pacific CSAT forces as well.

Gallery

External links

See also

Aircraft of comparable role and configuration

Vehicles of ArmA 3
Wheeled AFV-4 GorgonAMV-7 MarshallHatchbackHEMTTHunterIfritKartMB 4WDMSE-3 MaridOffroadProwlerQilinRhino MGS (UP) • StriderSUVTempestTractorTruckQuadbikeUGV StomperVanZamak (MRL)
Tracked 2S9 SochorAWC NyxBTR-K KamyshCRV-6e BobcatED-1D Mini UGV (ED-1E) • IFV-6a CheetahIFV-6c PantherFV-720 MoraM2A1 Slammer (A4 UP) • M4 ScorcherM5 SandstormMBT-52 KumaT-100 VarsukT-140 Angara (T-140K) • ZSU-39 Tigris
Rotor-wing AH-9 PawneeAH-99 BlackfootAR-2 DarterCH-49 MohawkCH-67 HuronDemining DroneMH-9 Hummingbird (M900) • Mi-48 KajmanMi-290 TaruMQ-12 FalconPO-30 OrcaUH-80 Ghost HawkUtility DroneWY-55 Hellcat
Fixed-wing A-143 BuzzardA-149 GryphonA-164 WipeoutCaesar BTTF/A-181 Black Wasp IIKH-3A FenghuangMQ-4A GreyhawkTo-199 NeophronTo-201 ShikraUCAV SentinelV-44X BlackfishY-32 Xi'an
Aquatic Assault BoatMotorboatRHIBSpeedboatSDVWater Scooter
(Parenthesis) denote variants.
Karts DLC | Helicopters DLC | Apex DLC | Jets DLC | Laws of War DLC | Tanks DLC | Contact DLC
Arma3-factionicon-csat.png CSAT - Vehicles (ArmA 3)
Wheeled IfritMSE-3 MaridQilinQuadbikeTempestUGV SaifZamak
Tracked 2S9 SochorAkinaka ED-1D (Sayyah ED-1E) • BTR-K KamyshT-100 VarsukT-140 Angara (T-140K) • ZSU-39 Tigris
Rotor-wing Jinaah AL-6Mi-48 KajmanMi-290 TaruPO-30 OrcaTayran AR-2
Fixed-wing K40 Abalil-3KH-3A FenghuangTo-199 NeophronTo-201 ShikraY-32 Xi'an
Aquatic Assault Boat (Rescue) • Speedboat HMGSDV
Parenthesis denote variants.
Helicopters DLC | Apex DLC | Jets DLC | Laws of War DLC | Tanks DLC | Contact DLC
Arma2-factionicon-russianspetsnaz.png Russian Spetsnaz - Vehicles (ArmA 3)
Rotor-wing Mi-48 KajmanMi-290 TaruPO-30 Orca
Fixed-wing To-201 Shikra
Helicopters DLC | Jets DLC
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