The Soviet Union (formally known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or USSR for short) is an OPFOR faction in ArmA: Cold War Assault.
The longtime geopolitical and military adversary of the United States at the height of the Cold War, the Soviet Union was the leader of the predominately Eastern Warsaw Pact alliance. The Soviet military maintains a presence in the Everon group of islands on the mostly-deserted island of Kolgujev.
The garrison, the Red Army's 3rd Army, is commanded by General Aleksei Guba.
Following the assumption of power by the new Premier of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev, in 1964, the country entered a new era of economic growth and prosperity. However, this was also marred by various issues that chipped away at the nation's stability, with stagnation and amongst others, political infighting over various socioeconomic problems plaguing its progress.
During this period, the Soviet Union always kept a close eye on the Republic of Nogova, a small island nation that Soviet leaders always saw as being part of its territory. Relations between the two countries soured significantly following the overthrow of the pro-Communist regime after massive anti-Soviet demonstrations in 1974.
Events of Resistance (1982)
NOTE: This section contains spoilers from ArmA: Cold War Assault's 'Resistance' campaign.
At the "request" of the former Vice-Premier Ostrovsky of the Nogovan Communist party, Brezhnev orders the immediate deployment of Soviet forces to occupy the country under the pretence of maintaining law and order.
Officially, the mission of the Soviet force was to prevent the country from devolving into a "capitalist regime of corruption and unemployment". In reality, the manoeuvre was a thinly-veiled attempt by the Soviet Union to establish control over the Republic of Nogova. This in turn, was an attempt to further assert its sovereignty over the nearby Everon group of islands.
Led by Colonel Aleksei Guba, Red Army troops easily overrun and crush the Nogovan militia (who fiercely opposed the occupation) and took over all major city centres within the span of 24 hours.
This move did not go unnoticed by the United States and its allies however, who expressed "concern" and formally voiced protest at the Kremlin's unilateral decision. Such criticism was brushed off by the Soviet government however, and the occupation continued without respite.
Barely a day after the initial occupation, the Soviet Red Army was beginning to encounter fierce opposition from a growing insurgency calling themselves the Nogovan Partisans. The fighters, led by their new leader, slowly drove back the Soviets with one victory after another.
Although greatly outnumbered by the Soviet troops, the Partisans, with the covert assistance of U.S. special forces, gradually thinned the Soviet garrison's numbers out. Within the span of two months, they were forced to retreat to their only remaining outpost on the island nation; the airport where they initially arrived.
With defeat seemingly inevitable, the Soviet commander, Guba, orders an immediate carpet bombing campaign of Nogova, reasoning that if victory for the Red Army could not be achieved, then Nogova itself would be razed to the ground. Bomber craft from the nearby garrison at Kolgujev were dispatched to reinforce Guba's position while the remainder of his troops began to pull out.
Before the bombing could begin however, the insurgent leader infiltrates the airport and successfully destroys the entire fleet with explosives. Outraged, Guba refuses to accept defeat and orders that the leader and remaining guerillas that supported him to be chased down.
The insurgent leader is eventually cornered and personally executed by Guba. Unfortunately for the rest of the Soviet troops, they suddenly come under heavy fire from American gunships which destroy most of their remaining tanks and troops.
Left with no alternative, the now-outnumbered Soviet forces surrender to the insurgents. Guba himself was not caught however, and managed to flee Nogova before the insurgents could capture him.
Events of Cold War Crisis (1985)
NOTE: This section contains spoilers from ArmA: Cold War Assault's 'Cold War Crisis' campaign.
Despite the setback on Nogova, Soviet forces continued to maintain a presence in the region through their stronghold on Kolgujev.
At this point in time however, the Soviet government was facing internal dissent from members of the Communist Party itself along with many hardliners in the Committee for State Security (KGB). They refused to accept the new Premier, Mikhail Gorbachev, as their leader, and strongly opposed his "glasnost" and "perestroika" policies of opening up the Soviet Union to the West.
These new policies also left many in the Red Army dissatisfied with the Kremlin's new policies, perceiving them to be a sign of weakness in the face of NATO's "imperialism"; Guba (now ranked General) being at the forefront of these voices.
Secretly backed by his allies in the KGB, Guba received two covert shipments of nuclear-tipped SCUD missiles as he planned an invasion of the NATO-controlled islands of Everon and Malden. With the Red Army's 3rd Army at his disposal, the rogue General launched a full-scale attack on Everon, destroying the NATO training camp based there and quickly occupying the rest of the island.
After Everon's fall, Guba proceeded towards Malden itself, launching an amphibious assault and directly attacking the U.S. base. The timely arrival of NATO reinforcements puts a halt to his advance; if only for the time being.
The Soviet Poliburo, now fully aware of Guba's treachery, immediately declared him to be a traitor and rogue operative to their counterparts in the West, and denied all responsibility for his actions. They did not, or rather could not, act to stop him yet however, as the political situation at home was still too unstable for Gorbachev's faction to move.
To their luck however, Guba was slowly being driven back by U.S.-led NATO forces who, after several days worth of fierce battles, were able to drive off his troops from Malden and eventually, Everon as well. Cornered at his only remaining base on Kolgujev, a desperate Guba announced his threat to destroy the entire group of islands with his nuclear SCUDs if NATO forces refused to leave immediately.
With the crisis now reaching dangerous levels and approaching a point of no return, the Soviet government was forced to act. Gorbachev immediately ordered the mobilisation of the entire Red Army not just in preparation for potential hostilities from NATO, but also in order to put a stop to Guba once and for all and lastly, to reclaim the stolen nuclear warheads.
Fortunately for all sides (aside from Guba), a U.S. special forces team was successful in putting a stop to Guba's plans by destroying both SCUDs just as they were preparing to launch. Guba himself was cornered by the Americans and was captured as well.
Post-Cold War Crisis
|«|| In an official statement, the Secretary of Defense revealed that a US training camp on the island had been attacked by a small group of lightly-armed terrorists, led by a disgraced former General of the Russian army. US military sources stated that the assault was a poorly-planned, publicity-seeking maneuver by an extremist organisation, which was easily resisted by American troops. There were no significant casualties.|
Moscow has termed the incident "highly regrettable", and the whereabouts of the terrorist leader remain unknown.
Post-flashpoint radio news report
With Guba apprehended by the Americans and possibly awaiting trial at the hands of NATO, the flashpoint on the Everon islands was finally at an end. Soviet troops all across Russia were ordered to stand down and resume normal duties.
To avoid further unrest in their respective countries, both the Soviet and American government bilaterally came to an agreement to cover up the incident. The Kremlin expressed "regret" over the crisis, though Guba's identity was never revealed to the public.
As a technological peer to its Western rivals, the Red Army was issued with the latest in Russian-made weapons and equipment.
Soviet conscripts wore KLMK-camouflaged suits and chest rigs to carry ammunition. Most ground vehicles and heavy armour assets were bristling with anti-tank missiles and large calibre cannons, and were also designed with amphibious capabilities in mind.
This philosophy of combining mobility with heavy firepower extended to Soviet aircraft as well, with the Mi-24 gunship being a prime example of Soviet military doctrine at the height of the Cold War.
When it came to optoelectronics however, Soviet forces were not as well-equipped as their American counterparts. Except for specialist troops, Spetsnaz operatives, and vehicle crews, conventional personnel lacked access to vision enhancement infantry gear and vehicle optics as well.
|Factions - OPFOR (ArmA: Cold War Assault)|